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02 March 2022

Volume 33 | Issue 3

ISSN (Print): 0964-9271

ISSN (Online): 2052-2940

How safe are e-cigarettes for patients with COPD? A systematic review

This systematic review focused on identifying quantitative empirical research, providing numerical data detailing the effect of e-cigarette use on pulmonary health outcomes. The PICO model (Fineout-Overholt and Johnston, 2005) was used to identify search terms to refine and focus the searches. As e-cigarette use is prevalent worldwide, terms used to describe the product in other countries were included.

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