Arnold J. Coaching Skills for Leaders in the Workplace, 2nd ed. London: Robinson; 2016

Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. The Lancet.. 2020; 395:(10224)e37-38

Blake H, Harrison C. Health behaviours and attitudes towards being role models. Br J Nurs.. 2013; 22:(2)86-94

Care Quality Commission Report. NHS Patient Survey Programme. 2019 Adult Impatient Survey Statistical Release. 2020. (accessed 25 January 2021)

Davies F, Wood F, Bullock A, Wallace C, Edwards A. Training in health coaching skills for health professionals who work with people with progressive neurological conditions: A realist evaluation. Health Expect.. 2020; 23:(4)919-933

Department of Health. Long Term Conditions Compendium of Information. 2012. (accessed 25 January 2021)

Fu Y, McNichol E, Marczewski K, Closs SJ. Patient-professional partnerships and chronic back pain self-management: a qualitative systematic review and synthesis. Health Soc Care Community.. 2016; 24:(3)247-59

Recommendations for an economic evaluation of health coaching. 2019. (accessed 25 January 2021)

Health Education England. Health Coaching-Quality Framework. (accessed 25 January 2021)

Heidke P, Madsen WL, Langham EM. Registered nurses as role models for healthy lifestyles. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing.. 2020; 37:(2)11-18

Huffman M. Advancing the Practice of Health Coaching: Differentiation from Wellness Coaching. Workplace Health Saf.. 2016; 64:(9)400-403

Huffman M, Miller C. Evidence-based Health Coaching for Healthcare Providers, 4th edn. Winchester, TN: Miller and Huffman Outcome Architects, LLC; 2019

Hurley S, Edwards J, Cupp J, Phillips M. Nurses' perceptions of self as role models of health. West J Nurs Res.. 2018; 40:(8)1131-1147

Jones RJ. Coaching with Research in Mind.London: Routledge; 2021

Kang L, Li Y, Hu S The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. Lancet Psychiatry.. 2020; 7:(3)

Keele R. To Role Model or Not? Nurses' Challenges in Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle. Workplace Health Saf.. 2019; 67:(12)584-591

Kelly M, Wills J, Sykes S. Do nurses' personal health behaviours impact on their health promotion practice? A systematic review. Int J Nurs Stud.. 2017; 76:62-77

Malik S, Blake H, Batt M. How healthy are our nurses? New and registered nurses compared. Br J Nurs.. 2011; 20:(8)489-496

Martin LR, Williams SL, Haskard KB, DiMatteo MR. The challenge of patient adherence. Ther Clin Risk Manag.. 2005; 1:(3)189-199

May CS, Russell CS. Health Coaching: adding Value in Healthcare Reform. Global Adv Health Med.. 2013; 2:(3)92-94

Mitchell GJ, Cross N, Wilson M, Biernacki S, Wong W, Adib B, Rush D. Complexity and Health Coaching: Synergies in Nursing. Nurs Res Pract. 2013; 2013

NHS. Health Coaching Implementation and Quality Summary Guide. 2020. (accessed 25 January 2021)

National Institute for Care Excellence. Shared Decision Making. 2019. (accessed 25 January 2021)

Office for National Statistics. Avoidable mortality in the UK. 2018. (accessed 25 January 2021)

Olsen JM. Health Coaching: A Concept analysis. Nurs Forum.. 2014; 49:(1)18-29

United Kingdom: Country Health Profile, State of Health in the EU. 2019;

Paris/European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Brussels.

Rogers J. Coaching skills: The definitive Guide to Being a Coach, 4th ed. Berkshire: Open University Press; 2016

Rogers J, Maini A. Coaching for Health. Why it works and how to do it.: McGraw Hill Open University Press; 2016

Ross A, Bevans M, Brooks A, Gibbons S, Wallen G. Nurses and health-promoting behaviors: Knowledge may not translate into self-care. AORN J.. 2017; 105:(3)267-275

Singh H, Kennedy GA, Stupans I. Does the modality used in health coaching matter? A Systematic Review of Health Coaching Outcomes. Patient Prefer Adherence.. 2020; 14:1477-1492

Complex systems and individual-level approaches to population health: a false dichotomy?. 2017.

Starr J. The Coaching Manual. The Definitive Guide to the Process, Principles and Skills of Personal Coaching, 3rd edn. London: Pearson; 2016

Stober D. Coaching from the humanistic perspective. In: Stober DR, Grant AM (eds). New Jersey: Wiley and Sons; 2006

Thompson SR. Supporting patients to make lifestyle choices. Nurs Stand.. 2019; 34:(12)59-65

Van Nieuwerburgh C. An Introduction to Coaching Skills. A Practical Guide, 3rd edn. London: Sage; 2020

Whitmore J. Coaching for Performance. The principles and practice of coaching and leadership, 5th edn. London: Nicholas Brearley Publishing; 2017

Wills J, Hancock C, Nuttall M. The health of the nursing workforce. A survey of National Nurse Associations. Int Nurs Rev.. 2020; 67:(2)294-299

Supporting self-management. Understanding its impact on the system. 2018. (accessed 17 January 2021)

Health coaching: the role of the practice nurse

02 February 2021
7 min read
Volume 32 · Issue 2


Health coaching can be used to improve the health of patients. Catherine Best looks at the theory behind health coaching and how the nurse can play a role

Health coaching is a concept which focuses on evidence-based clinical interventions, such as motivational interviewing, goal setting, active listening and change management theory, with the aim that patients are supported to self-manage their own health. Health coaching is patient-centred and empowers individuals to make healthcare choices based on what personally matters to them. The practice nurse is in a strong position to utilise their skills, many of which can be attributed to the role of a health coach.

Coaching, in recent decades, has gained considerable impetus, as a highly motivating, self-directed, goal-centred approach to achieving personal success (Arnold, 2016). Through coaching, people are empowered to uncover their own solutions; foster their own skills, and change firmly held attitudes and behaviours; the aim of which ‘is to close the gap’ between one's potential and present state (Rogers, 2016).

‘is a conversation, or series of conversations, that one person has with another’.

(Starr, 2016)

The emphasis being on the coachee to take personal responsibility for creating sustainable change (Whitmore, 2017). Furthermore, coaching is considered a journey; one through which people are able to unlock their potential and maximise their own performance (Whitmore, 2017).

With the coach being:

‘a sounding board, a facilitator, an awareness raiser and a supporter’.

(Whitmore, 2017)

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting Practice Nursing and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for general practice nurses. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month